This course covers essential topics for postgraduate students at the Faculty of Science that will sharp their skills in selecting and advocating a research problem, searching the literature and data bases, acquainting with the scientific method, evaluating scientific information, designing and applying solutions and communicating findings on national and international levels. The course is designed to introduce students to the principles of the different aspects of scientific and multidisciplinary approaches that can help them to formulate process and ultimately solve a problem.
The course introduces graduate students to the ethics of scientific research. At the beginning, a demarcation between science and non-science is sought after. A brief background of ethical theory and applications is introduced. History of the development of science and of research ethics are also discussed. Discussion of various ethical challenges commonly encountered in the graduate student’s research experience will be given a priority. Topics such as academic integrity, data management, copyright, and role of the researcher are especially highlighted. The course also hopes to arm student with the knowledge about ethics and develop their abilities to think ethically so as to nurture a stronger commitment to act morally. Additionally, the students are made aware of the ethical guidelines that apply when carrying out research with human subjects and when carrying out animal experiments.
The Research Methodology II is a continuation of Research Methods I with more focus on students who are embarking on a Ph.D. as part of their research education. Part of this course is an extension to Research Methods I where basic scientific writing skills were introduced. In one section, students will learn not only to write a proposal but to criticize proposals of classmates as well. Students will also learn both basic and advanced presentations skills & apply those skills in both an individual and group-settings. The other part of this course covers several core topics to Ph.D. students which includes: “what is Science is, & what is not”, the origin of the modern science, philosophy of science, scientific revolution, scientific reasoning, research and development, experiments and types of experiments, experimental design, planning for experiment, data collection, & analysis and synthesis. Also, some topics relevant to career in science are covered, aspects of scientific life and manners, and prizes and awards.
At the beginning of the course, a general introduction of ethics in research is given, stressing the importance of the basic tenants of responsible research conduct. The course discusses the principles of ethics underlying decisions made in the areas of medical research, biotechnology and environmental usage and protection. The new challenges of research ethics in the age of the Internet are deliberated. The question will be asked whether there is a “universal” understanding of ethics or whether ethical understanding is influenced by cultural settings. Moreover, it will be explored how the significance and “worth” of research can be evaluated and whether this can and should be done by the general public.
Every PhD student must pass a Comprehensive Examination (CE) designed to evaluate the breadth and depth of the student’s knowledge of his or her discipline, as well as the student’s scholarly potential. The CE consists of a written and an oral part and will be prepared, administered, and evaluated by an examination committee from the student’s concerned department. It must be taken before the start of the student’s fifth semester in the program. Students taking the CE must be in good academic standing after completion of the required coursework. The CE may be repeated only once, no later than the end of the student’s fifth semester. A second unsuccessful attempt leads to immediate termination of the student’s enrollment in the PhD program. The CE course is non-credit rated, while a Pass or Fail result for each attempt will be recorded on the student’s academic transcript.
Student defends his/her research dissertation in the form of an oral presentation in a public session, followed by a closed session, before a Dissertation Examination Committee, which includes internal and external examiners. The outcome of the overall evaluation of the dissertation is based on two main parts: (1) the Committee’s evaluation of the dissertation document and (2) the Committee’s evaluation of the dissertation defense. The final result shall be one of the following: (1) Approve dissertation as presented, (2) Approved with minor revisions, (3) Re-examine after making major revisions, or (4) Rejection of dissertation and dismissal. The Dissertation Defense course is non-credit rated, while a Pass or Fail result for each attempt will be recorded on the student’s academic transcript.
Each student should select a topic for his/her thesis and earn the required credit hours of research work under the supervision of an advising committee. The advising committee can be formed from two or three supervisors; one of them is the main advisor who must be a faculty member from the University. In case where a supervising committee consists of three members, two of them must be from the University. The student must defend his/her thesis in front of a 3-member examination committee; the thesis major advisor, a faculty member from the University, and an extern examiner appointed by the Dean of Graduate Studies upon recommendation of the thesis main advisor and approval of the Program Executive Committee.
Student prepares a concise and complete Research Proposal that clearly defines the research problem and objectives, and outlines the research methodology and a plan that the student will follow for the dissertation work. The proposal should be completed under the direction of the student’s supervisor and must be approved by the Advisory Committee. The proposal’s content and format must follow the PhD Research Proposal Preparation Guidelines issued by the College of Graduate Studies. The Research Proposal course is non-credit rated, while a Pass or Fail result for each attempt will be recorded on the student’s academic transcript. Student should give an oral presentation to defend his/her proposal.
Student conducts high quality academic research under the direction of his/her supervisor. Student and supervisor shall meet on regular basis and discuss progress and issues related to the student’s dissertation research. Furthermore, the student writes an annual report based on a meeting with supervisor and Advisory Committee, in which a review is conducted to determine progress, identify problems, and project dates for completion of various tasks. The research shall represent original contribution to human knowledge in the particular academic field and is presented in a written research dissertation of a publishable standard. The document shall also demonstrate the candidate’s acquaintance with the literature of the field and the proper selection and execution of research methodology. The physical form of the dissertation must comply with the regulations stated in the Thesis and Dissertation Preparation Guidelines, issued by the College of Graduate Studies.
Analysis of current and prospective issues in specified subject areas related to the students field of research interest. The students will present results and finding from their research or will present a review articles or recent journal publications of related topics, and also the exploration of unsolved scientific problems and opportunities in the field, especially which related the country and to the gulf region.
This course is required for all students who have started their PhD program in science. The course will expose students to presentations with variety of backgrounds that are relevant to the broad domain of science including biology, chemistry, math, geology, and physics. The course will involve outside invited speakers, written summaries of presentations, and short oral presentations by the students on particular current topics followed by interactive discussion. Topics presented will reflect students’ research backgrounds and interests. The graduate students will be asked to search the literature for scientific articles and reviews to present and discuss in class. Seminars in this course aim to train graduate students to communicate effectively and to develop sufficient critical thinking skills through focused and intellectual discussion, as well as through the development of specific research knowledge and skills.
This course is a general requirement for all graduate programs in College of Science. Therefore, it is based on a literature review and class discussions of a wide range of topics in biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, and geology, related to the biological processes and biological systems. In addition to bibliography-based presentations and discussions, the students also have the opportunity to present their ongoing research projects and link them to the different topics covered in the literature review part.
Graduate students will participate in all departmental seminars and journal clubs and attend seminars presented by guest speakers. Each graduate student should present and discuss data obtained from their dissertation research or present one seminar per semester in advanced topics of contemporary Science. The student should gain practice reading primary scientific literature, writing scientific blogs, and asking analytical questions.
This general education course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basics of astronomy. It deals with: Getting to Know the sky, Figuring out how things work, The Family of the sun, The Sun, our very own Star, Learning about Stars, Understanding Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology.
This general education course aims at developing a clear understanding of the physical concepts which play an important role in our daily life. It deals with the following subjects: Mechanics and Laws of Motion, Properties of Matter, Heat, Electricity and Magnetism, Waves and Vibrations, Sound and Light.
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in physics. The course includes: physics and measurements, vectors, motion in one and two dimensions, Newton's laws of motion and their applications, work and energy, rotational dynamics, rolling motion, conservation of angular momentum.
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic physics concepts in electricity and magnetism. It includes: Coulomb’s law, electric fields, Gauss's Law, electric potential, capacitance and dielectrics, resistance, direct current circuits, magnetic fields, electromagnetic induction.
This course aims to Develop a clear understanding of the basic concepts in classical mechanics; Consolidating the manual skill in dealing with laboratory equipment; Developing skills of using computers in analysis of the computer interfaced experiments; It includes: Fine measurements, force table, motion on an inclined plane, verification of newton’s second law, simple pendulum, circular motion.
This course aims to develop a clear understanding of the basic concepts in electricity and magnetism; It includes: Coulomb's Law, equipotential surfaces and electric field lines, Ohm's Law, Kirchhoff's Rules, resistance and resistivity, potentiometer, capacitors, RC time constant, magnetic fields, oscilloscope, electromagnetic induction.
This course will serve to give an overview of the domain of Space Sciences. It is intended to lay the foundations of what Space Sciences entail. It will start off with an outline of the characteristics of Earth as a planet and then it will take students immediately beyond Earth, the upper atmosphere and the magnetosphere of the Earth will be introduced. In addition to Earth as a planet, the formation of Solar System, planetary science: terrestrial & jovian planets, planetary atmosphere and interiors will also be discussed. Followed by that some basic features of space above the Earth and the concepts of gravity will be highlighted. Then, a brief history of human space exploration will be given, leading to an outline of the space age we live in today. The course will be concluded with a broad account of what science is done from space.
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in waves, vibrations and optics. It includes: free damped oscillations, forced oscillations, interference of sound waves, standing waves, combination of two waves at right angles, combination of two waves with different frequency, spherical mirror and thin lenses, the optical spectrometer, interference of light waves, Mickelson interferometer, Newton’s rings, diffraction of light waves and polarization of light waves.
This course aims at developing an understanding of the basic experiments in thermal and modern physics. It includes: thermometer, Stefan-Boltzmann's law, thermal radiation, photoelectric effect, electron diffraction, magnetic hysteresis, Faraday effect, Frank-Hertz experiment, Zeeman effect, beta-particle detection, and x-ray diffraction
This course aims at developing an understanding of the main concepts, fundamental laws, and applications of classical thermodynamics. It includes definitions of the most important thermodynamic properties, including temperature, pressure, equation of state, internal energy, work, thermodynamic potentials, free energy functions and entropy, as well as, introducing the three fundamental laws of thermodynamics that govern every physical system in the universe. In addition, this course develops a working knowledge of some practical applications of thermodynamics in daily life, including air conditioners, refrigerators, and car engines.
A review of the basic concepts of direct current circuits, and the fundamental laws of alternating current circuits. The effects of resistance, inductance, and capacitance in AC circuits are analyzed. The course discusses the principals of semiconductor materials followed by thorough analysis of semiconductor-based devices such as diodes, bipolar junction transistors, field-effect transistors, and operational amplifiers. The course emphasizes on structure, operation, biasing, and applications up to digital control. In addition to the theoretical part of the course, hands on experiments on electronic devices and their applications are implemented in the course to provide experimental skills and enhance comprehension of the theoretical material.
This course aims at developing clear understanding of basic concepts in vibrations, waves, light and optics. It includes oscillatory motion, wave motion, sound waves, superposition and standing waves, electromagnetic waves, the nature of light, laws of geometric optics, image formation by lenses and mirrors, some optical instruments, interference, diffraction and polarization of light
This course discusses the progress of modern physics. It introduces students to the foundations and principles of modern physics. The course will discuss some of the problems faced physicists at end of the nineteenth century. The course will provide a valuable theoretical introduction and an overview of the fundamental applications of the principles of modern physics in our world. Topics include the special theory of relativity, particle-like properties of light, wave-like properties of particles, early atom models, Basics of quantum mechanics, elementary particles, and Universe.
This course aims at developing the mathematical techniques and skills needed for advanced physics courses. The course covers the following topics: vector analysis, complex analysis, Fourier series and transforms with applications, series solutions to ODEs, and special functions.
The course aims at studying the classical kinematics and dynamics of the point-like objects and the rigid bodies. It includes: particle kinematics in various coordinate systems, particle dynamics, central-force motion, non-inertial systems, rigid-body dynamics, introduction to Hamilton and Lagrange dynamics.
This course will begin with the development of an understanding of Kepler’s laws of orbital motion and dynamics of objects in space. After that, the framework of celestial coordinate systems will be built followed by the 2-body/3-body problem. A description of the 6 orbital Parameters will be given after that. Then the fundamentals behind the Lagrange’s planetary equation will be presented, followed by an outline of the possible orbital perturbations. Some examples of natural & artificial orbits will be discussed and finally orbit and trajectory design for various space science objectives will be discussed.
This course will be aimed at presenting an overview of a space mission as whole. The elements of a space mission will be introduced from a design and analysis point of view. Followed by that the space segment and the ground segment will be discussed as two main domains of a space mission, leading to an outline of space mission operations. The course will end with a few case studies (e.g. the GPS network, Telecom missions [ArabSat], science missions [MRO, Juno, Cassini]) of existing space missions.
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in physics as an integrated part of the student's overall curriculum. It includes: statistical equilibrium, statistical distributions: Maxwell-Boltzmann, Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein, and various applications.
The contents of this course will develop an introduction to various subsystems of a spacecraft. The first topic will describe the components of a space vehicle followed by an account of the spacecraft materials used to build the structure. After that, some examples of the spacecraft’s main payload (spectrographs and spectrometers, imaging systems, space-based telescopes, radars and antennae) will be discussed. The functionality of the spacecraft attitude & orbit determination be highlighted next. After that, a brief account of the communication and navigation systems will be given. Then, the spacecraft power system will be described followed by an account of the spacecraft propulsion system. The fundamentals of spacecraft positioning control will be discussed in the end.
This course aims at introducing the basic concepts and principles of numerical methods. It includes: principles of numerical analysis, some important numerical algorithms, mathematical modeling of physical systems, application of numerical techniques to mathematical models, computer simulation of physical systems, the Monte-Carlo method with some applications.
The course aims at establishing the basic knowledge of the static electric and magnetic fields. It includes: electrostatics: Gauss law, electric fields in materials, polarization, boundary-value problems, Laplace and Poisson equations; magnetostatics: Biot-Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, scalar and vector potentials, magnetization of materials, Faraday’s law, and Maxwell's equations.
The course is intended to develop a clear understanding of the physical foundations of laser operation, laser systems and laser applications. Moreover, the course aims at developing the student's problem solving, skills and creative thought needed to meet modern high technology challenges. The course covers: The basic concepts of laser operation, properties of laser beams, spontaneous and stimulated emission, production of population inversion, optical resonator, pumping process, rate equations with transient & steady state solutions, laser types and applications in science and technology.
This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the fundamentals (concepts, postu-lates, and mathematical structure) of quantum mechanics. It aims also at developing the basic quantitative skills necessary in solving quantum mechanical problems.
This course aims at covering topics in radiation and its uses. It includes: types and sources of radiation, radioactive decay processes and energy release involved in decay schemes, interaction of radiation with matter, radiation tracks and stopping power.
The wonders of the Universe and mysteries of the outer space fascinates every human being living on planet Earth. We all find ourselves inherently curious about the objects, events and the related phenomenon, and we strive to know more about it. Astrophysics, as a subject, provides us with the framework to apply laws and theories of Physics to behaviour of various objects and events in the Universe in order build an understanding of their nature, properties and origin. This course is all about how can we best utilize our knowledge of Physics to know more about our Universe in a systematic and scientific way.
The Space Applications I course will serve the purpose of introducing the main areas of space science research. An account of remote sensing, earth observation & Geographic Information System will be given followed by the topics of study in space physics. Astronomy & Astrophysics will be outlined as the study of the processes and objects in the Universe. The course will be concluded with the concepts supporting data & image processing and some tools (introduction to Python, IDL and Matlab) and working knowledge of techniques (data analysis & interpretation) will also be developed as an essential skill set to carry out scientific research in the relevant areas of space science introduced in the course.
This course will discuss presenting some more areas of research in space sciences. Firstly, the fundamentals of positioning guidance & navigation using space-based systems will be introduced. Followed by that, an outline of the themes related to atmospheric & ionospheric physics will be given. After that, modern communication achieved with space-based systems will be discussed. The last space applications theme to be outlined will be weather monitoring and prediction using spacecraft. The development of working knowledge of various tools and techniques will continue in this course as well, particularly relevant to the areas covered in this course.
The course aims at using Maxwell's equations in treating specific problems of wave propagation and their interactions with media and charged particles. It includes wave equation propagation of electromagnetic waves in non-conducting media, polarization. Waves in bounded regions: reflection and refraction at dielectric interface, guided waves. Radiation from a group of moving charges, radiation damping. Electrodynamics and special relativity.
The course aims at developing the student’s fundamental knowledge in Quantum Mechanics. The course introduces several modern concepts in quantum mechanics that include propagators and path integral, symmetries, angular momentum and irreducible tensor operators, approximation methods, and scattering theory.
Students in this course will learn about: crystalline structure and symmetry, Bravais lattice and reciprocal lattice, lattice vibrations and phonons, specific heat, energy band theory of metals, semiconductors and insulators, electric transport in metals and semiconductors, optical, dielectric, and magnetic properties, superconductivity.
This course will provide students with a solid understanding of the physical principles of basic semiconductor devices. This course will give the students an overview of the development of semiconductor devices. Several important semiconductor physics and prototypical devices will be studied. The course material covers semiconductor properties under thermal equilibrium and under non-equilibrium conditions. Three fundamental device structures will be covered in detail, the p-n junction, the MOSFET and related devices, and the bipolar transistor. The course will focus on aspects of semiconductors such as silicon and gallium arsenide, both of which have commercial relevance. Therefore, fundamental properties of semiconductors will be explored, as well as their device applications.
This course covers basic concepts of nuclear physics with emphasis on Rutherford’s nuclear atom model, nuclear properties (nuclear size, mass and abundance of nuclides, nuclear binding energy), nuclear structures and nuclear models (Liquid-drop model and the semi-empirical mass formula, and the shell model). Other topics include nuclear decay and radioactivity, nuclear reactions (fundamental Laws, scattering and reaction cross section, mechanisms of nuclear reactions), nuclear fission (characteristics of fission, energy in fission, fission nuclear reactors), nuclear fusion (basic fusion processes, characteristics of fusion, controlled fusion reactors).
This course aims at developing the students’ theoretical and/or experimental research skills necessary for conducting a scientific research project under the guidance of a faculty member. A real-life or active research problem is identified by the instructor and students. Students use their knowledge and get trained on methods to solve the problem. Students will be trained on, literature survey, team work, interpreting their results, implementing the ethics of scientific research, and communicating the whole investigation by means of a written report and an oral presentation.
This course is aimed at studying a special topic which will serve the needs of the student. The topic varies according to needs and demands, and is set by the department.
Students usually choose internship organizations that offer them an opportunity to apply in a supervised manner what they learned in their studies in a practical manner and to apply their rigorous coursework in a professional and industrial setting. In addition to its direct benefits to the student it consolidates the department bonds with the outside world and offers a real opportunity to get feedback about the teaching programs and educational services it offers.
This course will serve to give an overview of the Physics of near-Earth space. It is intended to build the understanding of physical processes occurring immediately above planet Earth. It will start off with an outline of the characteristics and properties of space plasma including a discussion of various species of particles and their behavior. Followed by that, it will cover the topics related to Earth’s magnetosphere. Then, the aspects of Solar activity along with the elements of Solar-Terrestrial interaction will be highlighted. After that, an account of the characteristics of space weather and its effects on Earth will be given. The students will then be introduced to cosmic radiation, its origins and its interaction with Earth’s atmosphere. Moreover, the dynamics of near-Earth objects such as Asteroids, Meteors and Comets will be discussed including the tracking and mitigation of space debris. In addition, the environment and characteristics of unmagnetized objects (Mars, Venus) and magnetized objects (Mercury, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune) will also be highlighted). Then, a brief history of human space exploration will be given, leading to an outline of the space age we live in today. The course will be concluded with an overview of the methods of space physics research.
This course will develop a good understanding of various astrophysical processes involved in the formation and evolution of astronomical objects such as stars, planets, galaxies. After a brief overwiew about the history of astronomy, we will discuss the fundamentals of celestial and Newtonian mechanics. We will also introduce various types of telescopes, their usability in astronomical observations and how to measure the distances within the solar system and between stars. Students will learn about about fundamental of photometry and spectroscopy. This will enable to them to interpret the stellar spectra and how to mearue brightness and fluxes. Formation of spectral lines in stellar atmospheres and Hertzsprun-Russell Diagram will be discussed in detail. This course will provide a detailed undesrtanding of star formation, stellar evolution and stellar interiors. This course will conclude by giving an overview of galaxy formation and their classification based on the Hubble sequence.
Complex analysis, special functions with applications in Physics, calculus of variations, integral transforms, partial differential equations, boundary-value problems, Green’s functions, operator algebra and tensors.
The course presents the basic concepts and mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics and introduces applications in atomic, molecular, and solid-state Physics. Topics include the mathematics of quantum mechanics, one-dimensional problems, central field problems, the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with atomic systems, the harmonic oscillator, angular momentum, and perturbation theory.
Electrostatics and magnetostatics, Electric and magnetic fields in matter, Boundary value problems in electrostatics and magnetostatics, Polarization and magnetization, Multipole expansion and dielectrics, Maxwell’s equations, Conservation laws, Wave guides and resonators.
Electronic structure of one-electron atoms; fine and hyperfine structures, Interaction of one-electron atoms with static external electric and magnetic fields and with electromagnetic radiation. Study of the electronic structure of many-electron atoms using Pauli Exclusion principle, perturbation and variational methods, angular momentum coupling schemes, central field approximation, Thomas-Fermi model, Hartee-Fock method, interactions of many-electron atoms with static and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation, Auger effect. Study the structure of molecules and their rotational, vibrational, and electronic structure
The course is intended as an introduction to the concepts of modern astrophysics for the advanced undergraduate students and graduate students. It covers topics such as celestial coordinate systems, celestial orbits, radiation, stars, stellar structure, stellar evolution, clusters of stars, galactic components, galactic structure, galaxy types, active galaxies and cosmology.
The course is intended to introduce the fundamental concepts of laser theory and the interaction of electromagnetic waves with matter. The course covers: the concepts of laser operation, absorption, spontaneous and stimulated emission, optical resonator, pumping sources, laser oscillation (gain and threshold), the modulation of optical radiation, Q- switching and mode locking. Moreover, the course aims at developing the student's problem solving, skills and creative thought needed to meet modern high technology challenges.
Elementary principles, variational principles and Lagrange's equations, central force problem, kinematics of rigid body motion, oscillations, Hamilton's principle and Hamilton's equations, Canonical transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi theory, classical chaos, canonical perturbation theory, introduction to Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations for continuous systems and fields.
Nuclear Properties (Nuclear Radius, Mass and Abundance of Nuclides, Nuclear Binding Energy), Forces between Nucleons (Properties of the Nuclear Force, The Exchange Force Model), Nuclear Structures and Nuclear Models (Liquid-drop Model and the Semi-empirical Mass Formula, Shell Model, More Realistic Nuclear Models), Nuclear Decay and Radioactivity, Nuclear Reactions (Fundamental Laws, Scattering and Reaction Cross Section, The Optical Model, Mechanisms of Nuclear Reactions), Neutron Physics (Neutron Sources, Absorption and Moderation, Neutron Reaction Cross Sections, Neutron Capture, Interference and Diffraction with Neutrons), Nuclear Fission (Characteristics of Fission, Energy in Fission, Fission Reactors, Radioactive Fission Products, Fission Explosives), Nuclear Fusion (Basic Fusion Processes, Characteristics of Fusion, Controlled Fusion Reactors, Thermonuclear Weapons).
This course covers elementary plasma physics for physics and engineering students. It includes an introduction to the plasma state and occurrence, motion of single charged particles in static and time varying electric and magnetic fields, plasmas described as (charged) fluids or magnetohydrodynamics; waves in plasmas, kinetic theory description of plasmas, Vlasov equation and collisionless plasmas, collisions and transport properties, in addition to a discussion of nuclear fusion.
Description of elementary particles with emphasis on phenomenology and historical and experimental buildup of current knowledge: weak decays and weak currents, parity violation, detectors and accelerators, elementary processes, deep inelastic scattering and proton model, quark model spectroscopy, color symmetry, elements of the Standard Model, successes and shortcomings.
Review of fundamentals of sources of radiation, nuclear Physics and radioactivity, and X-ray production. Interaction of heavy charged particles with matter, interaction of electrons with matter, linear energy transfer, interaction of photons with matter, interaction of neutrons with matter, neutron fission and criticality, radiation detection, statistics, introduction to radiation dosimetry, radiation protection criteria and exposure limits.
Review of X-ray production and fundamentals of nuclear physics and radioactivity. Detailed analysis of radiation absorption and interactions in biological materials as specifically related to radiation therapy and radiation therapy dosimetry. Explore the use of computers and electronics in the diagnosis, tumor and normal tissue localization, treatment planning, treatment delivery, and treatment verification as applied to cancer patients; principles of radiation therapy treatment planning and isodose calculations. This is in addition to surveys of use of teletherapy isotopes and X-ray generators in radiation therapy plus the clinical use of interstitial and intracavitary isotopes (fundamentals of brachytherapy, and brachytherapy dosimetry systems). Problem sets taken from actual clinical examples are assigned.
This course gives students a solid background in semiconductor Physics and devices. It explains crystal structure, band structure and carrier statistics, carrier transport, phonons, scattering processes, electro- and optical- absorption in semiconductors.
Physical bases of nuclear medicine are reviewed, and imaging instrumentation and computer diagnosis is discussed. Other topics include radionucleide generator systems and quality control, radiopharmaceutical preparations and quality control, chemistry and radiopharmacology of radionucleides, and radiopharmaceuticals for diagnostics and therapeutics. Unsealed source dosimetry, nuclear measurement instrumentation, spectrometry. This course also includes design and function of gamma cameras, single photon emission tomography, and positron emission tomography.
This course will explore topics in bio-electricity based on the classical theory of electricity and magnetism. Topics include: transport in an infinite medium, transport through neural membranes, impulses in nerve and muscle cells, exterior potential and electrocardiogram, biomagnetism, electricity and magnetism at the cellular level.
This course aims at presenting an account of various instruments and facilities used in space science. It will start off with a description and classification of the types of space science instruments such as spectrometers, spectrographs, telescopes, cameras, sensors, imagers and detectors. Followed by that, the scientific principles behind these instruments and the physics of detector operation will be discussed. Then, an understanding of the inputs and outputs of these instruments will be developed. The interpretation of the variations in the observable signatures of physical phenomena will also be discussed. After that, the students will be given an overview of the platforms and facilities on which the space science instruments operate. This topic will include case studies of space missions. A brief outline of some of the specifications and technical characteristics will also be covered.
Review of the statistical theory of thermodynamics, Ensemble theory, identical particles. Quantum statistical Physics, Distribution functions, Applications to Quantum gases (superfluidity, superconductivity, and Bose-Einstein condensation), Critical phenomena, Brownian motion, Langevin, and Fokker-Planck and Boltzmann equations.
This course deals with experimental techniques (X-ray, Raman Spectroscopy, Electron Microscope, Auger Spectrometer, X-Ray Fluorescent, Electrical measurements, Magnetic measurements, Optical measurements, Positron Annihilation, etc) used for material characterizations and study of physical properties as well as defects of different materials. Particularly the course deals with phase transitions of amorphous and crystal compounds, Synthesis of composites, thin films, superlattices and nanomaterials.
Students in this course will learn about: crystalline structure and symmetry, Bravais lattice and reciprocal lattice, lattice vibrations and phonons, specific heat, energy band theory of metals, semiconductors and insulators, electric transport in metals and semiconductors, optical, dielectric, and magnetic properties, superconductivity.
Classical and quantum Monte Carlo simulation methods with applications, molecular dynamics simulations, random systems, selected topics in modern computational physics problems.
Group and representation theory designed for the particle physicist: groups and their representations: general theory and results; Lie Groups and their representations; Lie algebras and their representations; use and applications in Modern Physics.
This course is based on a research project where the student is expected to present a seminar at the end of the semester. The topic is selected by the faculty member. Ethics issues related to physics research will be also discussed.
Introduction to Einstein’s theory of General Relativity: a review of Special Relativity; the equivalence principle; tensor calculus and elements of differential geometry; Einstein’s gravitational field equations; classic tests of General Relativity and standard applications in Astrophysics and Cosmology.
The primary objective of this internship course is to afford the MSc Space Science students a supervised opportunity to acquire practical and hands-on working experience at one of the reputed space research and development organizations in the UAE. Within the scope of this internship, the students will be attached to teams of researchers, engineers and scientists at the internship provider site (e.g. UAE Space Agency, Muhammad Bin Rashid Space Centre) to work on practical tasks which will be components of actual and ongoing space projects. Availing this opportunity, students will be able to apply the knowledge they attained as part of their MSc coursework, get first-hand experience in a professional space research setting, learn practical aspects of problem solving, solution development, teamwork, project execution and delivery, and it will also benefit them in terms of skill development and capacity building.
This course is required for students preparing a doctoral thesis in experimental particle physics. Topics designed and taught by the various LHC collaborations (CMS, ATLAS, ALICE, etc.).
This course covers the physical aspects of medical image formation. Image receptor design/optimization, reconstruction techniques, device hardware and performance characteristics are considered. This course includes a system theory approach to the production, analysis, processing and reconstruction of medical images. An extensive use of Fourier techniques is used to describe the processes involved with conventional radiographic detectors, digital and computed radiography.
This is a general imaging course intended to: 1) cover the basic physical principles of image formation and contrast of the main imaging modalities; and 2) introduce their applications in disciplines such as medicine, biology, and chemistry. It is designed to be given for non-physics students and to explain elements of hardware, basic energy interaction leading to image formation, basic image properties including signal-to-noise ratio, resolution, and contrast, and finally sample and technical factors controlling image contrast. The main modalities include: x-ray imaging, computed x-ray tomography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS), Nuclear Medicine (SPECT, PET Imaging). Functional and multi-dimensional imaging is also introduced. Students may be asked to cover elementary topics according to their background.
This course is based on a research project where the student is expected to present a seminar at the end of the semester. The topic is selected by the faculty member.
This course will develop a good understanding of various astrophysical processes involved in the star formation. After a brief overview about the interstellar medium and molecular cloud , we will discuss the atomic and molecular gas observations using radio observations and students will be given worked-out examples. We will also introduce detailed observational properties of molecular clouds, physics of molecular cloud, structure and kinematics and various scaling relation, and initial mass function to understand the star processes. High-mass star feedback processes will be introduced with the HII region physical processes. The cloud properties such as column densities, virial-mass, and LTE mass will be discussed. This course will also introduce various astronomical tools and codes for studying the molecular cloud and HII region properties using radio and optical observational data.
Variational theorem and WKB method, time-dependent perturbation theory, scattering theory, Born approximation, Identical particles and second quantization, symmetry principles, Dirac and Klein-Gordon equations for free particles, quantum theory of radiation, path integral formalism.
Synthesis of nanomaterials; nanoparticles, nanotubes, nanowires, assembly of nanostructures, property-structure-dependence in nanomaterials, main characterization techniques; transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), applications of nanomaterials; transistors, bio-sensors, NEMS, and solar cells.
Building the theory of relativistic quantum fields: classical field theory; Noethers's theorem; Klein Gordon field; representations of the Lorentz Group; Dirac equation; quantized Dirac field; discrete symmetries of the Dirac theory; interacting fields; S-matrix and reduction formula; Green’s functions in path integral formalism; perturbation theory and Feynman diagrams; elementary processes in QED and QCD.
Many body theory, Hartree-Fock theory and electron-electron interactions, density functional theory, introduction to main numerical methods for band structure calculations, excitons, polarons, phonons, Bloch Wannier and Slater functions, band structures of solids, density matrix approximation Huekle model, Moller-Plesset perturbation theory, second order quantization, Wannier and Frankel excitons and biexcitons in molecular crystals, types of superconductors, electron-phonon interactions, the BCS theory of superconductivity; Ginzberg-Landau theory, Landau Fermi liquid theory, theory of solitons and soliton dynamics.
The course aims at developing essential numerical analysis techniques such as classical and quantum Monte Carlo simulation methods with applications, molecular dynamics simulations, random systems, selected topics in modern computational physics problems.
Review of Maxwell’s equations and the conservation laws, electromagnetic potentials, multipole radiation, radiation from moving charges, plane waves in material media, polarization, attenuation, dispersion, diffraction, scattering, special relativity, Relativistic electrodynamics.
The course covers the basic concepts, natural existence as well as the laboratory techniques used for the generation and diagnostics of nonideal plasma. In addition, the course studies ionization equilibrium, equation-of-state, thermodynamic properties, transport coefficients and optical characteristics of partially ionized nonideal plasma.
Gas filled detectors, liquid filled detectors, solid state detectors, scintillation detectors and photodetectors, position sensitive detection, signal processing
This course covers: Theoretical building of the Standard Model of Particle Physics: phenomenology of weak interactions; Higgs mechanics and mass generation; spontaneously broken gauge theory; renormalization; the Standard Model; successes and shortcomings.
The course gives a description of the current and future experiments in the area of High Energy Physics, their most significant results, future prospects and measurement techniques for Physics beyond the Standard Model. Topics include: Higgs boson searches at LEP, the Tevatron and LHC, the main signatures for Higgs decay in different mass ranges and the experimental problems of detecting them; motivation for supersymmetry (SUSY); the spectrum and signatures of superpartners in some constrained MSSM scenarios such as mSUGRA and GMSB.
Motivations for supersymmetry; Clifford algebra and spinor representations in D-dimensions; supersymmetry algebra; superspace and superfields; supersymmetric gauge theories; breaking of supersymmetry; the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM); elementary supergravity; gravity and gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking; phenomenology of the MSSM and some of its extensions; supersymmetry at colliders and in cosmology.
Selected and changing topics beyond and besides the Standard Model like: neutrinos and masses; solitons, instantons and topological objects; nonperturbative methods: lattice field theory; quantum field theory at finite temperature and/or density; LHC particle physics; string theory.
This course is proposed by faculty members according to needs when needed and is based on new trends of physics.
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